CPR+AED Lifesaving Skills

Around 3,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) occur in Singapore every year with 70% – 80% of cardiac arrest cases happening either at home or in public places. Bystanders play an important role in increasing the survival rate of a cardiac victim through a system known as the Chain of Survival – 1. Early Recognition and Access; 2. Early CPR; 3. Early Defibrillation; 4. Emergency Medical Services and 5. Advanced Cardiac Life Support. Do your part by completing the first 3 steps of the chain.

1. Early Recognition and Access

Check for Danger
Ensure that the surrounding is safe for you to approach the casualty.

Check for Response
Tap firmly on the casualty’s shoulders, and ask “Hello hello, are you ok?”

Shout for Help
Ask someone to call ambulance 995. Or use the myResponder app to dial 995 and send your geolocation directly to the Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) for a faster dispatch of emergency resources to the scene.
The myResponder app also notifies community first responders within the vicinity.

Ask for an AED
Ask someone to get an AED. The myResponder app also shows you where to locate the nearest AEDs.

Check for Breathing
Look for the rise and fall of the casualty’s chest.

2. Early CPR

If the casualty is not breathing, breathing abnormally or if you are unsure, start CPR immediately. For every minute that nothing is done to resuscitate the victim, the chance of survival drops by 7 to 10%.

Here are some tips for chest compressions*:

  1. Kneel down with knees slightly apart.
  2. Interlace fingers.
  3. Place the heel of your hand on the lower half of the sternum (breastbone).
  4. Position your shoulders directly over the casualty’s chest.
  5. Straighten both elbows and lock them in position.
  6. Use body weight to achieve a compression depth of 4 – 6cm, with a rate of 100 – 120 compressions per minute. The chest should fully recoil (come all the way up) after each compression.

Click on image to enlarge

3. Early Defibrillation

Ever wonder what those white boxes installed at the lift lobbies of HDB blocks are? They contain Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) which can potentially save someone’s life when they are experiencing a cardiac arrest!

In case you are wondering, AEDs can be used by anyone. Fear not! The AEDs come with voice prompts, so just follow the instructions.

Here are some tips on how to use an AED safely:

  1. Use an AED in a safe environment.
    Check the area to make sure there is no wet or metallic surface or flammable gas.
  2. Turn on the AED and follow the voice prompt.
  3. Place the AED electrode pad one at a time, firmly to the bare chest according to the diagram.
  4. When the AED starts analysing heart rhythm, no one should touch the casualty. Spread both arms out and shout “Stay Clear”.

When the AED prompts:

Shock advised

  • Shout “Stay Clear”
  • Ensure no one is touching the casualty before pressing the shock button.
  • After shock is applied, resume chest compressions, and follow the AED prompts.
No shock advised
Resume chest compressions and follow the AED prompts.

Click on image to enlarge

What should you do if you encounter a female cardiac arrest casualty? Find out the steps here.

You have the power to save a life too!

Help make Singapore a Heart Safe nation by signing up for Project Heart 2021 Virtual. You can also find out more about the other CPR+AED initiatives that Singapore Heart Foundation has.

Click here to register

*Please note that the tips provided are non-exhaustive.

More ❤️ information

National Heart Day / World Heart Day 2021 Virtual homepage Kids/Activity Corner
Salt & Hypertension Go Red for World Heart Day Contest
Women & Hypertension Partners/Exhibitors
All About Your Heart Give Hope and Donate here
Workout for Your Heart