Around 3,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) occur in Singapore every year with 70% – 80% of cardiac arrest cases happening either at home or in public places. Bystanders play an important role in increasing the survival rate of a cardiac victim through a system known as the Chain of Survival – 1. Early Recognition and Access; 2. Early CPR; 3. Early Defibrillation; 4. Emergency Medical Services and 5. Advanced Cardiac Life Support. Do your part by completing the first 3 steps of the chain.
Check for Danger
Ensure that the surrounding is safe for you to approach the casualty.
Check for Response
Tap firmly on the casualty’s shoulders, and ask “Hello hello, are you ok?”
Shout for Help
Ask someone to call ambulance 995. Or use the myResponder app to dial 995 and send your geolocation directly to the Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) for a faster dispatch of emergency resources to the scene.
The myResponder app also notifies community first responders within the vicinity.
Ask for an AED
Ask someone to get an AED. The myResponder app also shows you where to locate the nearest AEDs.
Check for Breathing
Look for the rise and fall of the casualty’s chest.
If the casualty is not breathing, breathing abnormally or if you are unsure, start CPR immediately. For every minute that nothing is done to resuscitate the victim, the chance of survival drops by 7 to 10%.
Here are some tips for chest compressions*:
Click on image to enlarge
Ever wonder what those white boxes installed at the lift lobbies of HDB blocks are? They contain Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) which can potentially save someone’s life when they are experiencing a cardiac arrest!
In case you are wondering, AEDs can be used by anyone. Fear not! The AEDs come with voice prompts, so just follow the instructions.
Here are some tips on how to use an AED safely:
When the AED prompts:
||No shock advised
Resume chest compressions and follow the AED prompts.
Click on image to enlarge
What should you do if you encounter a female cardiac arrest casualty? Find out the steps here.
You have the power to save a life too!
Help make Singapore a Heart Safe nation by signing up for Project Heart 2021 Virtual. You can also find out more about the other CPR+AED initiatives that Singapore Heart Foundation has.
*Please note that the tips provided are non-exhaustive.
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